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Modeling of Non-Point Source Pollution by Long- Term Hydrologic Impact Assessment (L-THIA) (Case Study: Zayandehrood Watershed) in 2015

Modeling of Non-Point Source Pollution by Long- Term Hydrologic Impact Assessment (L-THIA) (Case Study: Zayandehrood Watershed) in 2015

Modeling of Non-Point Source Pollution by Long-

Term Hydrologic Impact Assessment (L-THIA)

(Case Study: Zayandehrood Watershed) in 2015

A-B-S-T-R-A-C-T

Background & Aims of the Study: In this research, Long-Term Hydrologic Impact

Assessment model is selected for simulation of runoff and NPS pollution. The aim of this study

is modeling of non-point source pollution by L-THIA model in Zayandehrood watershed in

2015.

Materials & Methods: In this study, analytical survey and investigation of references in the

context of library studies has been used. Zayandehrood watershed is located in Esfahan, Iran.

Required data in this study are land use, soil and precipitation data from studied period. The first

L-THIA model run and then the spatial distribution of non-point source pollution analysed

within the study area. The annual average runoff volume, depth and the non-point source

nitrogen and phosphorus load and the spatial distribution were estimated.

Results: According to the study, we concluded that amount of nitrogen and phosphorus load in

agricultural and residential areas are more serious and the nitrogen load due to nonpoint source

pollution was larger than phosphorus load in Zayandehrood basin. The maximum runoff depth in

the region was calculated 501.371 cm and the maximum nonpoint source pollution obtained

24244.27 kg. The results indicated the watershed likely is affected to impacts from urbanization

and agriculture.

Conclusions: The results of this study can be used for urban planning and decision making in an

effort to protect water and habitat quality of Zayandehrood river. Integration of introduced model

and other hydrologic models can be increased accuracy and precision of results. Also, subwatersheds

can prioritize for watershed management in in the vulnerable sections.

Keywords:

Hydrology

Nitrogen

Phosphorus

water quality

Zayandehrood

Iran




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